“We are not resigned to the slow unraveling of Europe’s environmental ambitions.”



BBetween 2019 and 2022, Europe has strongly expressed its environmental ambitions, driven by European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen. The project, the Green Deal, was supported by a broad coalition of social democrats, liberals, conservatives and ecologists in the European Parliament. The Green Deal is an ambitious initiative on the ecological transition agenda, based on the goals of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 and reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 55% compared to 1990 levels by 2030. and proposes a broad vision.

However, there are growing tensions, and even signs of hostility and anger, over the Green Deal within the EU. With most of its provisions not yet in force, the Green Deal has become a scapegoat for the far-right and increasingly part of Europe’s conservative right-wing opposition to environmental policy. They seek to unite disparate movements into a single “anti-Green Deal” front, including farmers’ challenges to standards and drivers’ concerns about needing a car to get to major metropolitan areas.

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Why are Europe’s green projects at risk of stalling? The Green Deal’s green goals need to be maintained and, in certain respects, deepened, but they have three major weaknesses .

First of all, this contradicts the Commission’s other projects, in particular the negotiation of a free trade agreement with Mercosur, which allows the entry of agricultural and industrial products for which it is very difficult to ensure compliance with the same environmental requirements. .

The best defense is a good attack!

Similarly, the new budget framework adopted by the European Institutions will not allow the European Union and Member States to adequately finance the ecological transition. Moreover, the Green Deal is mainly a catalog of standards regarding the “consumption” of households and businesses, and the productive dimension is still very weak. The European Union is only proposing a belated response to the Biden administration’s unwavering commitment to promoting green industrial and energy development in the United States through the Inflation Control Act of 2022. As a result, many industrial sectors, including automotive, facing the challenges of electrification are concerned about possible decline.

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Finally, the Green Deal does not always guarantee an appropriate level of social justice in ecological transitions. The expansion of carbon markets for fossil fuels used for heating and personal transport from 2027 risks causing social unrest if not accompanied by appropriate social support.

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