Nepal Red Cross Society Strategic Framework for Climate and Environmental Action – 2023 – Nepal

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Climate and environmental background

Nepal is one of the countries highly vulnerable to climate change and other forms of disasters.
Nepal and the Himalayan region are experiencing rapid temperature increases and uncertain precipitation patterns. A climate outlook study for Nepal conducted in 2018 predicts that the average annual temperature will rise by 0.9 to 1.1 degrees Celsius in the medium term (2050) and 1.3 to 1.8 degrees Celsius in the long term (2100). ). Similarly, average annual precipitation could increase by 2–6% in the medium term and by 8–12% in the long term.

Achieving climate risk reduction goals is fraught with challenges, including knowledge and data gaps, lack of an enabling policy environment, insufficient financial and technical resources, and institutions. Others fall into the unknown category, such as unexpected political and economic crises coinciding with extreme weather. Concerted efforts are needed to build infrastructure, institutions, knowledge base, and innovation to reduce the high vulnerability to climate risks of a large segment of Nepal’s population with very low adaptive capacity.

Nepal is known as a pioneering country in building community-based adaptation to climate change. A vast amount of knowledge and technology is already available in the DRR and CCA domain at various local, national and international levels. For example, community-managed flood early warning systems and local adaptation action plans (LAPAs) are among the technologies and approaches that have been proven to work effectively. Geophysical vulnerability maps and areas with highly vulnerable populations are developed. Good practices from different sectors need to be fused into an integrated form of climate risk management. The relevant policies, plans and commitments of the Government of Nepal also highlight several climate change and environment priorities as shown in the table below.

NRCS is one of the largest humanitarian organizations in Nepal and is recognized as a leading agency for humanitarian assistance and community care due to its subsidiary role to Nepal’s public sector institutions. NRCS positions itself in diverse community services, working on the front lines of humanitarian crises and maintaining strong partnerships with governments and communities in need, both as partners and beneficiaries. In this aspect, the nexus of environmental degradation and climate change impacts often creates vulnerabilities of a complex nature that require special attention and preparedness to respond to humanitarian crises.

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