TEHRAN – A national instrument to create an elderly-friendly environment throughout the country has entered into force, announced Mojgan Rezazadeh, Secretary General of the National Council for the Elderly.
An age-friendly community is one where age is no barrier to living a healthy life, where the environment, activities, and services support seniors and give them the opportunity to enjoy life and feel healthy.
The world’s population, especially in developing countries, is aging, and Iran is no exception. The percentage of elderly people in the country has increased from 5% in 1976 to about 10.5%, reaching about 9 million people, IRNA quoted Rezazadeh as saying.
This document is committed to improving the physical and social environment to make it a better place for older people.
It consists of three parts: principles of indicators and standards for age-friendly city strategic planning, holding a workshop to develop age-friendly city strategy documents, and age-friendly city planning indicators.
Transport, public spaces, social participation, dignity, civic participation and employment, communication and information, housing, social support, and health services are the eight axes of the age-friendly document.
The company also plans to add trips and tours for seniors to its plans.
This document will involve all relevant organizations, institutions and the elderly community, leveraging their capabilities and potential to define a vision and strategy for age-friendly cities looking to 2030.
Rezazadeh said each state should develop a strategic state document based on its environment and implement it with the cooperation of member institutions and strong participation of local governments and the governorates’ offices in each city.
He further said that the necessary training will be implemented and monitored in stages with local experts and international consultants.
Provinces with large numbers of elderly people, namely Gilan, Mazandaran, Tehran, Isfahan, Yazd and Kerman, are given top priority for the plan.
National documents for the elderly
The National Instrument for the Elderly is currently in force. [Iranian calendar] The year 2019, which started on March 21, was announced by Hesamodin Alameh, Secretary-General of the National Council on Aging.
This document aims to achieve six main goals: income and livelihood, health, training and employment, creating an empowering environment, promoting the cultural level of society in the area of aging, and developing the infrastructure necessary for the life of older people. It focuses on different aspects of the lives of older people. Aging, he explained.
He said a total of 100 billion rials (approximately $200,000) is proposed to implement the document.
In the 2011 census, significant demographic changes were observed in Iran’s elderly population (the proportion of elderly population increased from 7.27% to 8.20% from 2006 to 2011, and 8.65% in 2016). ). The aging rate is predicted to rise to 10.5% in 2025 and 21.7% in 2050.
Decrease in population growth
According to the Population and Housing Survey, the average population growth rate has decreased in recent years, and this downward trend is a serious warning.
The country’s elderly population is expected to nearly double over the next 20 years, a trend that will likely occur in other countries over the next 100 years.
Population aging and its negative effects will permeate the country’s political, economic and security position in the region and the world.
By an order issued by President Ebrahim Raisi, the Ministry of Health and the Vice President for Women and Family Affairs were notified of the Law on Family and Youth Support approved by the Majlis (Parliament of Iran).
The plan provides health insurance for infertile couples, services and facilities for working women, health and nutritional support packages for mothers and children, educational opportunities for student mothers, livelihood support for families, Provides for continuous medical services for pregnant women. If implemented properly.