Iran says ROPME, Kuwait Regional Treaty is key to protecting Persian Gulf environment

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TEHRAN – Environment Ministry Secretary Ali Sarajeke proposed cooperation between the Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment (ROPME) and the Kuwait Regional Cooperation Council in a meeting with his Saudi counterpart Abdulrahman Al-Fadly. On the protection of the marine environment from pollution to protect the environment of the Persian Gulf.

The officials met on October 19 on the sidelines of the Islamic World Environment Ministers Conference held by Saudi Arabia.

Sarajeke said the Persian Gulf is heavily polluted because many oil tankers and pipes pass through the ocean, according to the DOE website.

The main and most sensitive stations of the region, i.e. aquatic life and water sources, are severely affected by these pollutions.

Sarajeke went on to say, “Despite the brutal sanctions imposed on Iran, we are witnessing significant advances in science and technology in this country.”

He added that modern technology has made it possible to improve various environmental indicators in the country.

In this regard, more than 2000 knowledge-based enterprises in various fields have been established by Iranian youth, providing appropriate capabilities for the development of mutual relations.

Iran and Saudi Arabia can cooperate in various environmental fields, especially in the area of ​​climate change, and the results could bring the two countries even closer together.

“We have held two regional and international conferences on environmental issues, especially sandstorms and dust storms, within a year,” Sarajeke said.

He said these conferences were highly welcomed by regional countries and international forums, adding that many countries participated in these international conferences and declarations were issued.

Cooperation with neighboring countries can play a central role in the implementation of the resolutions of these conferences, such as the creation of regional environmental organizations, regional environmental funds, and a convention to combat dust storms at the United Nations. cooperation.

Considering the valuable experience of both countries, many old universities and colleges, skilled professors and scientists in this field, and knowledge-based companies can work together to solve regional problems.

Environmental problems are becoming increasingly serious and require immediate solutions, and Iran accepted Saudi Arabia’s proposal to create a working group.

ROPME Convention

ROPME was established in Kuwait in 1979 and quickly ratified by seven member states: Iran, Bahrain, Iraq, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

The main objective of ROPME is to coordinate the efforts of eight Member States to protect the marine and coastal environments and ecosystems of the ROPME area from marine pollution and stressors that may be caused by development activities and other drivers of change. It’s about adjusting.

Kuwait Regional Tournament

The Kuwait Regional Convention for Cooperation for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution, adopted in Kuwait on 24 April 1978 by Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, provides: It is aimed at. Prevent, reduce and combat pollution of the local marine environment.

Persian Gulf ecosystem in crisis

The area of ​​the Persian Gulf is approximately 241,000 square kilometers. Its length is about 990 km, and its width varies from a maximum of about 340 km to a minimum of about 55 km in the Strait of Hormuz.

There are dozens of international treaties and protocols to protect the Persian Gulf’s marine environment, but despite the Persian Gulf’s greatest economic, environmental and social importance for coastal cities, there are still few to protect its marine life. There is no collective effort for this. .

About 60 percent of the world’s oil reserves are in the Persian Gulf, and the construction of oil platforms, industrial complexes, and refineries around it has provided the soil for oil, chemicals, and sewage to flow into the ocean. Ta.

More than 10,000 ships pass through the Persian Gulf and the Sea of ​​Oman annually, 75% of which are related to the transportation of crude oil and petroleum products.

The discharge of various wastes, such as engine wash water, sewage, and ship balance water, worsens the pollution of the Persian Gulf.

Carbon emissions are also damaging to the aquatic environment, and the more carbon the water absorbs, the more acidic it becomes.

The results of an eight-year study show that changes in the pH of aquatic environments are causing complex changes in the food chain, damaging aquatic animals whose exoskeletons are made of carbonate, such as starfish, oysters and butterflyfish. It shows. The shells of these organisms become unstable.

In recent years, rising water temperatures in the Persian Gulf, as well as unstable development activities in the critical area, have caused tensions on the northern coast and in some parts of the country’s southern neighbor, where adherence to principles is particularly low. From an environmental protection point of view, it is causing serious damage to corals in the Persian Gulf.

MT/MG



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