Iran joins 10 environmental treaties after Islamic revolution



TEHRAN – Before the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Iran was party to only three international treaties on environmental protection, but after the revolution, it has acceded to 10 international treaties.

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which aims to address the causes of biodiversity loss, the Stockholm Convention, which aims to protect human health and the environment from the effects of persistent organic pollutants, and the Vienna Convention, Found in 10 treaties.

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Fauna (CMS); Convention on Climate Change; Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent Procedures for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade; Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Substances. The Kuwait Regional Convention on the Protection of Waste and its Disposal, the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution to Protect the Persian Gulf and the Sea of ​​Oman are other international treaties that Iran has constitutionally signed.

Iran has taken international and regional measures to protect the marine environment of the Caspian Sea, convening the Tehran Convention in 2003.

The Tehran Convention served as a comprehensive governance framework setting out general requirements and institutional mechanisms for environmental protection and sustainable development in the Caspian Sea region.

Before the revolution, Iran was a full member of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). It also hosted the Ramsar Convention, which provides a framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources, and was held in Ramsar City, Mazandaran province.

Environmental project commemorating the Islamic Revolution

According to the Department of Environment (DOE), 67 environmental projects have been launched in 17 provinces of the country to commemorate the 45th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution.

Islamic Revolution Day is celebrated from February 1st to 11th every year.

The projects cost more than 48,000 billion rials (approximately $960,000) and were launched simultaneously across the country on February 10, IRNA reported.

Filtration and air monitoring stations are used in 12 projects: infrastructure (10), smart management (3), industrial online monitoring (12), wastewater treatment (15), built environment checkpoints (12), and education (3). Ranked #1. Next location.

The largest number of projects were implemented: 19 projects in Khorasan Razavi province, 8 projects in Tehran province, and 6 projects in Lorestan, Hamadan, and West Azerbaijan provinces.

This is the third phase of the environmental project to be launched during the current Iranian calendar year, which ends on March 20th.

Recent measures

During the past decades, environmental issues have had a major impact on nature and people’s lives. Air pollution is a man-made problem caused by economic and industrial factors and causes millions of deaths each year.

The Ministry of Environment aims to address the country’s environmental problems and needs by improving scientific and knowledge-based research by developing the Environmental House.

It also aims to improve the personal, organizational, and managerial skills of innovators, inventors, entrepreneurs, students, and university faculty.

The number of protected areas under the supervision of the Ministry of Environment has increased 5.5 times since the 1979 Islamic Revolution.

Before the revolution, the country had a total of 58 protected areas.

A comprehensive plan examines wildlife, vegetation, water, and soil conditions. Based on it, the land is divided into several zones.

He explained that in these areas, some areas are intended for conservation purposes only, some for recreation and nature tourism, and some for administrative activities.

These zones are subject to a set of restrictions. For example, road construction and mining are prohibited. These restrictions ultimately lead to better management and conservation of the area.

The 15th day of Esfand (March 5th), the last month of the Iranian calendar, has been approved to be registered in the national calendar as “Environmental Protection Education Day”.

Registering “Environmental Protection Education Day” on the country’s official calendar is a valuable event for the country’s environmental society. Education in the environmental field is one of the fundamental steps to maintain and protect the country’s environment.


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