Four cheetahs die due to sepsis: Union Environment Minister

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New Delhi: Shaurya, an adult male cheetah who died on January 16 this year, died of sepsis like three other cheetahs, Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav said during a question in India’s parliament on February 8. mentioned in the answer to.

So far, other details about Shaurya’s death are unknown except that he died despite being treated for “deterioration”. Officials had said the cause of death could be confirmed only after post-mortem results (which are still awaited), but Yadav’s response said Shaurya and the other three cheetahs had suffered from sepsis. No mention was made of the cause.

Shaurya is the seventh adult cheetah to die to date, and is one of 20 cheetahs originally brought to India as part of Project Cheetah, which aims to introduce African cheetahs to selected grassland habitats in India. This is the most recently deceased individual.

Are there variations in the cause of death?

In the Rajya Sabha on February 8, Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav cited the reasons for the death of seven adult cheetahs in Madhya Pradesh’s Kuno National Park, where Project Cheetah is underway. The minister raised this in response to a question in the Rajya Sabha on Bihar MP and Bharatiya Janata Party leader Sushil Kumar Modi’s project. PM Modi asked about the number of cubs born to cheetahs in Kuno, how many animals have died so far, and the reason for the “very high number” of deaths. He also asked whether the number of deaths so far in such cheetah relocation programs was “normal or abnormal” and what efforts the government was making to avoid further cheetah deaths. Ta.

According to Yadav’s reply, Cheetah is sasha, Uday and Daksha They died from “kidney failure,” “nervous system” problems, and “a violent encounter with a male confederate during mating,” respectively. According to Yadav’s reply, all the other four adults – Tejas, Suraj, Dhatri and Shaurya – died of sepsis.

Incidentally, some of these causes are different from a similar list also submitted to the Rajya Sabha by Minister of State for Environment, Forests and Climate Change Ashwini Kumar Choubey on July 20 last year. According to Choubey’s submission, Sasha died of chronic kidney failure or kidney failure, and Daksha died of “traumatic shock” (as opposed to Yadav’s latest list, where there was a violent mating attempt). ), Uday died of cardiopulmonary failure (in contrast). (Yadav’s latest list lists Uday’s cause of death as “nervous.”) Meanwhile, those involved also said the following. Hindustan Times Uday died of cardiopulmonary failure on April 25 last year, according to the preliminary autopsy report.

Reason for death submitted by Mr. Choubey to Rajya Sabha on July 20, 2023.

Four cheetahs die from sepsis

Choubey also said Tejas, Suraj and Daksha died of “traumatic shock”. Meanwhile, Yadav submitted in the latest list that three cheetahs died of “sepsis”, perhaps the first time the ministry has acknowledged this.

The reasons for the cheetah’s death were submitted by Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav on February 8.

For example, the National Tiger Conservation Authority, which implements Project Cheetah, issued a statement on July 16 last year stating that all cheetah deaths occurred from “natural causes” and that reports citing other causes of death were ” “It’s speculation and conjecture.” It’s hearsay and not based on scientific evidence. ” This was announced a day after two experts on the Cheetah Project Steering Committee made the following remarks: Said wire (July 15 last year) Tejas and Suraj’s deaths were due to bloodstream infections caused by wounds caused by the combined effects of wear and tear on the radio collars around their necks and moisture that had collected under the collars. It was announced that the cause was sepsis. one of the experts Said wire Suraj’s death was “potentially avoidable” and authorities have “a full day” to respond while awaiting the post-mortem report of Tejas, the first cheetah who died from a neck wound on July 11. Said spent.

A press note issued by the Madhya Pradesh Forest Department on August 2 said that a monitoring team had spotted a female Datri. died That morning in the nature of Kuno. The animal, which authorities had been trying to capture from the wild after Tejas and Surya’s deaths, became the sixth adult to die.in series of tweets On August 3, the Cheetah Conservation Fund (CCF), which has been supporting Project Cheetah, announced that an autopsy revealed that Datori died of tacchiosis, an infection caused by fly larvae (maggots). According to Yadav’s latest list, Dhatri died of sepsis.

The seventh death, and the latest so far, was that of Shaurya, a man from Namibia, on January 16. In a recent list, Yadav submitted in the Rajya Sabha that Shaurya also died due to sepsis. Officials said the animal was kept in an enclosure and was treated for “debility” after exhibiting an “unsteady gait.” However, the animal died despite treatment. Officials said they could confirm the cause of death only after detailed post-mortem results, which have not yet been released by the ministry or the NTCA.

Yadav’s response said, “The study was prepared with input from leading cheetah experts, including biologists, ecologists, conservationists, and managers, to ensure conservation and protection of the cheetah in India. Actions are being taken in accordance with the scientific action plan established. The Cheetah Project Steering Committee will review, monitor and advise on the progress of the cheetah introduction, in consultation with international cheetah experts as appropriate. was established for.”

The cheetah introduction action plan states that 12 to 14 individuals will be introduced annually from South Africa, Namibia or other African countries over the next five years, depending on animal availability and the status of introduced cheetahs. Yadav said that this is being proposed. he said in a reply to Rajya Sabha. His reply also mentioned that steps were being taken to introduce cheetahs in Gandhi Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary.

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