LEICESTER, UK – Britain’s top bishop on environmental issues, Bishop John Arnold of Salford, has announced plans to tackle the climate crisis as the two-week COP meeting in the United Arab Emirates concludes on 13 December. We are looking for more concrete initiatives.
For the first time in 28 years of climate change talks, representatives from nearly 200 countries said the world needs to transition away from fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas. Fifty oil and gas companies have announced plans to significantly reduce methane emissions by 2030.
However, many pointed out that the pledges made were voluntary and therefore unenforceable, and there was no way to force countries to comply.
“I see too much mention of goals that need agreement, goals that need resolution. The wording is correct, but the reality is that measured promises will be fulfilled and those who don’t keep their promises will be sanctioned. There’s no sign of it,” Arnold said.
Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, the UAE’s chair-designate for the COP28 climate change negotiations, claimed his delegation had found a new way to protect the environment by “following the North Star”.
“Together we have faced reality and led the world in the right direction,” he said.
“We have given it a strong action plan to maintain 1.5. [the maximum temperature rise in Celsius] within reach. It’s a science-driven plan. “This is a balanced plan that will tackle emissions, close the adaptation gap, reimagine global finance and reduce loss and damage,” he said at the end of two weeks of meetings.
“It is built on common foundations. It is strengthened by inclusiveness. And it is strengthened by cooperation,” the king added.
But critics pointed out that Al Jaber is also the head of Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC), where he has overseen a significant expansion of gas and oil production.
On the first day of the summit, Al Jaber denied a BBC report that the oil-rich United Arab Emirates was planning an oil and renewable energy deal during negotiations.
Many environmentalists had doubts about the commitments made in countries led by oil industries, which are responsible for much of the emissions that cause climate change, especially since these commitments are not binding.
“Is this greenwashing? I hope not,” Arnold said.
“I want to be really optimistic about it and think that almost 200 countries have come together and said something very urgent to each other and have come up with what looks like a great agreement,” the British bishop said.
“But how do we measure actual progress? We’ll have to wait and see. But even at COP27 and COP26, these promises were not fulfilled. They’re just using the same words. , no real action? I hope not,” he added.
Arnold said he still welcomed with “cautious optimism” statements made at COP28 pledging to “move away” from fossil fuels and provide financial support to countries most affected by the world’s climate change. Stated. But the bishop said “more needs to be done.”
Dr Emma Gardner, Director of the Environment for the Diocese of Salford, said the words at COP28 sounded optimistic but lacked the urgency and commitment needed given the scale of the challenge.
“As always, it is important to be positive and focus on the good we see in the world,” she said.
“At COP28, more than 100 countries agreed to triple global renewable energy deployment by 2023, pledged $800 million to fight tropical diseases, and countries in the Global South There were some positive commitments, including a $700 million commitment to help address the impacts of climate change,” Gardner said.
“But is that enough? Realistically, given the scale of the challenge, no. Billions of dollars are needed to address the damage caused by the effects of climate change. We need more.” she said.
“We know it is important to accelerate action, especially as it is widely believed that we are not on track to limit warming to 1.5 degrees.” [in Celsius]. Every 0.1 degree increase is significant and can prevent further ecological and social losses. All things considered, the commitments made at COP28 are not at all strong and do not embody the urgency we need to see,” she continued. “what will you do?”
In his message to world leaders at COP28, Pope Francis calls for the elimination of fossil fuels, increasing reliance on renewable energy, contributing the least to the environmental crisis but having the greatest impact. He called for the cancellation of countries’ debts.
Gardner explained what Francisco meant: “It is up to each of us…to recognize the urgency of the ecological crisis and to work to care for our common home and our brothers and sisters around the world so that we can ‘create’ “A new culture born from deep within society.”